Heart Care June 10, 2021, A heart attack (myocardial infarction) is usually caused by a blood clot, which stops the blood flowing to a part of your heart muscle.
• Pressure or tightness in the chest.
• shortness of breath.
• An abnormally high level of blood cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia)
• An abnormally low level of HDL (high-density lipoprotein), commonly called “good cholesterol”
• High blood pressure (hypertension)
• Family history of coronary artery disease at an early age.
• Cigarette smoking.
A diagnosis of myocardial infarction is created by integrating the history of the presenting illness and physical examination with electrocardiogram findings and cardiac markers (blood tests for heart muscle cell damage). A coronary angiogram allows visualization of narrowing or obstructions on the heart vessels, and therapeutic measures can follow immediately. At autopsy, a pathologist can diagnose a myocardial infarction based on anatomopathological findings.
• Provide cardiac resuscitation and keep the patient alive.
• 2). Immediate hospitalization.
• 3). Treat life-threatening problems.
• 4). Remove pain and suffering.
• 5). Preserve as much myocardium as possible by the dissolution of Blood Clot or Thrombus, Blocking Lumen of Coronary Artery.