Probiotics are the gut flora or gut microbiota. Gut microbiota is the living microorganisms, including bacteria and archea. These microorganisms live in digestive tracts. In addition, archea has structural similarities with bacteria but is somehow different from bacteria.
In humans, gut microorganisms are in large numbers and live in mutualistic relationships. These gut microbes benefit human beings by boosting digestion in our stomachs. Some of these bacteria also play the role of synthesis vitamins like Vitamin K, most Vitamin B complexes like Vitamin B12, B5, and Vitamin H, etc.
How do probiotics work?
Based on benefits, we can distinguish microorganisms as good or bad. And the good microorganisms are called probiotics. These good microorganisms help fight bad bacteria or harmful bacteria. Also, benefit us by fermenting dietary fiber. Therefore, the process helps in digestion and the merging of minerals in the body. In addition, one recent research has reposted that good bacteria also help humans in Vitamin D synthesis.
Moreover, it helps to reduce
- The effect of antibiotics in our gut
- Reduce inflammation
- And reduce the chances of cancer
- Skin irritations
Types of Probiotics:
There are many good bacteria. However, these bacteria are classified into two groups. Hence, the two groups are:
- Lactobacillus: The most common type. Different shear works differently, and some of them help in curing diarrhea.
- Bifidobacterium: This type of good bacteria helps the irritable bowel system.
Good microorganism includes yeast also. And one of the good yeast is
Saccharomyces boulardii: It also improves human digestion.
Which foods increase probiotics in the human body?
Many foods have probiotics and help the human body by boosting the number. You can eat good bacteria-based food regularly or in other words, one can probiotic-rich food in your regular diet. But what are those foods?
Those foods are:
- Sourdough Bread
- Cottage Cheese
- Fermented Pickles
- Soy Sauce
Important to remember, those foods should be intake balanced. Too much eating of good microorganism-rich food will prevent other foods’ benefits.
Is it safe to intake probiotics supplements in liquid form or capsule form?
The probiotic supplements are available in the form of 1. Liquid 2. Powder, and 3. Capsule or pill. In general, supplements are safe to intake. However, many people feel uncomfortable with gas and bloating the first couple of days.
Severely ill people shouldn’t take the supplement because it will prevent other pill’s action. And people with inflammatory bowel disease, it can affect adversely. So, take the suggestion of your doctor before starting intake supplements.
Are probiotics safe for children?
Yes, it is beneficial for adults as well as for children. If your child intakes any antibiotic medication, it will help reduce the side effects. Also, you can include yogurt or cottage cheese as a natural food source of good bacteria.
There are also kids’ friendly supplements available in the market. So, one can safely provide it to children. But, it is always safe for you if you take the guidance of an expert.