kidney stone OVERVIEW​ ,SYMPTOMS​, CAUSES​, TREATMENT

KIDNEY STONE

OVERVIEW :

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that can form in a part of the kidney called the renal pelvis.

SYMPTOMS :

1. Pain in the back, belly, or side
2. Pain or burning during urination
3. Urinary urgency can also mimic a urinary tract infection symptom.
4. Blood in the urine
5. Cloudy or smelly urine

CAUSES :

1) Overweight or Obesity
2) Have a condition that causes swelling or irritation in your bowel or joints
3) Digestive diseases and surgery also may cause of Kidney Stone.
4) Not drinking enough water each day can increase your risk of kidney stones.

DIAGNOSIS :

If your doctor suspects that you have a kidney stone, you may have diagnostic tests and procedures, such as:

Blood testing, Urine testing, Imaging( CT, X-Ray, MRI Scan), Analysis of passed stones

TREATMENT :

Treatment is tailored according to the type of stone. Urine can be strained and stones collected for evaluation.
Drinking six to eight glasses of water a day increases urine flow. People who are dehydrated or have severe nausea and vomiting may need intravenous fluids. Other treatment options include: Medication, Lithotripsy, Ureteroscopy, Tunnel surgery

RESOURCES:​

https://www.healthline.com/health/symptoms-of-kidney-stones#cloudy-or-smelly-urine

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