Dandruff, also known as seborrhea, is a common non-contagious condition of skin Dandruff, also known as seborrhea, is a common non-contagious condition of skin areas rich in oil glands (the face, scalp, and upper trunk), marked by flaking (overproduction of skin cells) and sometimes redness and itching (inflammation) of the scalp, varying in severity from mild flaking of the scalp to scaly, red patches. The normal skin yeast, Pityrosporum ovale, lives in oil-rich skin regions and plays a role in this condition. Dandruff may be worse with stress, winter, and infrequent shampooing. Although there is no “cure” for dandruff, control is usually possible with medicated shampoos.


The scalp is itchy and flakey One or more of the following areas may have patches of red, scaly skin: the scalp, hairline, forehead, eyebrows, eyelids, creases of the nose and ears, ear canals, beard areas, breastbone, midback, groin, or armpit.
In darker skin, affected areas may look lighter in color.
Mild dandruff – only some flaking with or without redness in a few small areas
Moderate dandruff – several areas affected with bothersome redness and itch
Severe dandruff – large areas of redness, severe itch, and unresponsive to self-care measures


1) Dry skin is one of the most common causes of dandruff.

2) Not shampooing enough could be the cause of your dandruff.
3) Your hair care products could be allergic to you.
4) You have a medical condition; some chronic medical condition may causes of dandruff.
5) You may have a yeast overgrowth.


A doctor can often diagnose dandruff simply by looking at your hair and scalp.


The itching and flaking of dandruff can almost always be controlled For mild dandruff, first try daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oil and skin cell buildup. If that doesn’t help, try a medicated dandruff shampoo. You may need to try more than one shampoo to find the hair care routine that works for you. And you’ll likely need repeated or long-term treatment.

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