acne problems and solution

ACNE

OVERVIEW :

Most teenagers will have pimples at some point. Some only have a few small pimples ,that soon go away again. Others develop persistent and clearly visible acne. This can be very distressing, particularly in puberty.But there are a number of things that can be done about acne, although patience is needed. This information is about acne in teenagers and young adults, known as “common” acne .

SYMPTOMS :

1) Small red bumps

2) Pustules (small red bumps containing white or yellow pus)

3) Redness around the skin eruptions.

4) Scarring of the skin.

5) Whiteheads.
Blackheads.

CAUSES :

During puberty, a child’s body changes to the body of an adult. This change is regulated by

hormones such as androgen. Androgen is a male sex hormone which is made in larger amounts during puberty – in girls too. One thing that it does is cause your skin to produce more oil.

The oil that is made in the skin is called sebum, and it is produced in oil glands called sebaceous glands. Sebum protects the skin and helps to keep it moisturized. But if a layer of dead cells blocks the opening of a pore, the sebum can’t leave the pore. It builds up in the sebaceous gland, and a blackhead or whitehead develops. If this becomes inflamed, it turns into a pimple (also called a zit or spot). Acne mostly develops on areas of skin that have more oil glands, like the face, chest, back and shoulders.

The main reason teenagers get acne is because their bodies make more androgen hormones during puberty. Once their hormone levels have settled down – typically by their early twenties – acne usually goes away on its own. But not all teenagers have acne. For this reason, it is believed that other things play a role too,

TREATMENT :

People with acne often try out different things to improve the appearance of their skin. There are a lot of different recommendations when it comes to acne, involving things like facial toners, sunlight and specific diets. But not all of them have been proven to work.Oil-in-water emulsions (lotions) or moisturizing gels (hydrogels) are recommended for skin care. Greasy creams can clog the pores in your skin even more. Soap-free cleansing products that have a similar pH to skin (5.5) are a good idea too. It’s important not to overdo it, though, because too much skin care can irritate the skin even more.There are also a number of medications for acne, to be applied to the skin or swallowed. Some treatment approaches and medications have been proven to effectively reduce acne, while others have not. Examples of effective treatments include benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics and retinoids. Acne treatment usually requires patience: Most products have to be used for a long time before there is a noticeable improvement. The treatment may take months or even years.

DIAGNOSIS :

The diagnosis of acne is based on the history and physical examination. Lesions most commonly develop in areas with the greatest concentration of sebaceous glands, which include the face, neck, chest, upper arms, and back

RESOURCES:​

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279211/https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2123.html#:~:text=The%20diagnosis%20of%20acne%20is,%2C%20upper%20arms%2C%20and%20back.

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