Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that causes your body to make a lot of urine that is “insipid,” or colorless and odorless. Most people pee out 1 to 2 quarts a day. People with diabetes insipidus can pass between 3 and 20 quarts a day.
• Extreme thirst that can’t be quenched (polydipsia)
• Excessive amounts of urine (polyuria)
• Colorless urine instead of pale yellow.
• Waking frequently through the night to urinate.
• Dry skin.
• Weak muscles.
Diabetes insipidus occurs when your body can’t properly balance the body’s fluid levels.
It mainly caused by problems with a chemical called vasopressin(ADH). It is basically needed for the fluid that’s filtered by the kidneys to go back into the bloodstream. ADH is made in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus and stored in the pituitary gland, a small gland found in the base of the brain. Conditions that cause a deficiency of ADH or block the effect of ADH result in production of excess urine.
If you have symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus , firstly consult your General physician. He may refer you to an endocrinologist if require.
As the symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus are similar to those of other conditions, including type 1 diabetes & type 2 diabetes, tests will be needed to confirm which condition you have.
Treatments for diabetes insipidus aim to reduce the amount of urine your body produces.
Depending on the type of diabetes insipidus you have, there are several ways of treating your condition and controlling your symptoms.